honey-5Scientists counted more than 300 different compounds and substances in composition of honey. The most part oh honey occupied by glucose and fructose. Content of those monosaccharoses is about 65-80% of the total volume. The main objective of this tasty component is to provide energy for bees.

The water content in the mature honey up to 20%. Probably honey represented something very hard without water. Thanks for this liquid part of honey happen satisfaction of needs in the water for bees at winter. Water plays an important role in the metabolism of honey bee, content of water in honey as it is a margin for them.

The composition of honey consists of minerals that perform important functions in the exchange of substances in the body of bees. Quantity of minerals is not much, about 0,07- 1,6%, but the composition is very extensive. This is aluminum, beryllium, boron, bismuth, barium, vanadium, germanium, gallium, iron, gold, tin, potassium, cobalt, calcium, lithium, magnesium, copper, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, sodium, lead, silver, silicon, strontium , titanium, phosphorus, chromium, zinc, sulfur, chlorine and zirconium.

In all types of honey contains of organic (about 0.3%) and mineral (0.03%) acid. Organic acid included gluconic, malic, citric and lactic acids. Inorganic acid included phosphoric and hydrochloric acids.

Acids appeared in honey from nectar, honeydew, pollen, secretions of the glands of bees, as well as synthesized in the process of enzymatic degradation and oxidation of sugars.

Speaking about the composition of honey can not avoid substances such as enzymes, they enter into the honey from the body of bees and nectar plants. They use invertase to cleave polysaccharides into glucose and fructose, amylase breaks down starch to oligosaccharides, diastase performs saccharification of starch. The main task is to ensure the conversion of complex sugars and their derivatives into monosaccharides, which are completely absorbed by the body bees. The small amount of honey contains vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, H (biotin), E, K, C, PP, carotene, pantothenic and folic acid.

The composition of honey also includes dyes and flavors, which determine its color and flavor. It always contains small amounts of pollen that gets into the nectar from the anthers of a flower. Need to mention about microflora of honey. There is present up to 40 different species of fungi and yeasts. They enter into the honey from nectar, from the air, and other ways. What is the benefit for bees have a set of microflora? Probably nothing, for the bees is a time bomb. To be safe, bees have to work hard to create a favorable environment for keep their stocks.